Lung deflation and oxygen pulse in COPD: results from the NETT randomized trial


Come CE, Divo MJ, San José Estépar R, Sciurba FC, Criner GJ, Marchetti N, Scharf SM, Mosenifar Z, Make BJ, Keller CA, Minai OA, Martinez FJ, Han MLK, Reilly JJ, Celli BR, Washko GR. Lung deflation and oxygen pulse in COPD: results from the NETT randomized trial. Respir Med 2012;106(1):109-19.

Date Published:

2012 Jan


BACKGROUND: In COPD patients, hyperinflation impairs cardiac function. We examined whether lung deflation improves oxygen pulse, a surrogate marker of stroke volume. METHODS: In 129 NETT patients with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and arterial blood gases (ABG substudy), hyperinflation was assessed with residual volume to total lung capacity ratio (RV/TLC), and cardiac function with oxygen pulse (O(2) pulse=VO(2)/HR) at baseline and 6 months. Medical and surgical patients were divided into "deflators" and "non-deflators" based on change in RV/TLC from baseline (∆RV/TLC). We defined deflation as the ∆RV/TLC experienced by 75% of surgical patients. We examined changes in O(2) pulse at peak and similar (iso-work) exercise. Findings were validated in 718 patients who underwent CPET without ABGs. RESULTS: In the ABG substudy, surgical and medical deflators improved their RV/TLC and peak O(2) pulse (median ∆RV/TLC -18.0% vs. -9.3%, p=0.0003; median ∆O(2) pulse 13.6% vs. 1.8%, p=0.12). Surgical deflators also improved iso-work O(2) pulse (0.53 mL/beat, p=0.04 at 20 W). In the validation cohort, surgical deflators experienced a greater improvement in peak O(2) pulse than medical deflators (mean 18.9% vs. 1.1%). In surgical deflators improvements in O(2) pulse at rest and during unloaded pedaling (0.32 mL/beat, p<0.0001 and 0.47 mL/beat, p<0.0001, respectively) corresponded with significant reductions in HR and improvements in VO(2). On multivariate analysis, deflators were 88% more likely than non-deflators to have an improvement in O(2) pulse (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.30-2.72, p=0.0008). CONCLUSION: In COPD, decreased hyperinflation through lung volume reduction is associated with improved O(2) pulse.